Hexnet Hexagonal Tag Feed: graphene A feed of tagged nodes. https://hexnet.org/blog Graphene FTVW <p> <img src='/files/images/hexnet/inanimate-carbon-rod.png' title='In Rod We Trust' alt='Inanimate carbon rod' class='image-right'/> This just in, from SWEDEN: </p> <p> Hexagons have won this year's <a class="ex" href="http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/">Nobel Prize in Physics</a>. More specifically, Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov won the prize for their <a class="ex" href="http://onnes.ph.man.ac.uk/nano/Publications/Science_2004.pdf">work with hexagons</a>. </p> <p> In summary, for those who do not follow such things (and I have noticed that "graphene" is among the top keywords bringing people to this site, so it is quite possible you <i>do</i> follow such things): <a class="ex" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Graphene">Graphene</a> was "discovered," or if you will isolated, by Geim and Novoselov in 2004, by peeling off layers of graphite with scotch tape. It is essentially an indefinitely large aromatic molecule, and the flat, two-dimensional form of the <a class="ex" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buckminsterfullerene">buckyball</a> or the <a class="ex" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buckytube">buckytube</a>. For a variety of reasons I won't get into here, it has numerous potential applications in electronics and nanotechnology, and is quite interesting all around. </p> <p> It had never actually occurred to me prior to 2004 that graphene needed to be "discovered." I had always been taught that graphite, as a major allotrope of carbon, consisted of one-atom-thick sheets of carbon atoms arranged in a hexagonal lattice, and that this had been known for quite a while (since at least the advent of X-ray crystallography). Thus it really shouldn't have been too much of a conceptual leap to assume that, in fact, such sheets existed (though apparently the prevailing view was that the sheets would "roll up" when isolated). I still have a hard time wrapping my mind around the fact that it took until 2004 to actually discover this. Particularly with all the research that's gone on with fullerenes since the '80s, you'd think somebody, somewhere, would've taken the time to actually isolate a sheet of graphite. Apparently it is somewhat difficult, but crap I have scotch tape and pencils lying around, by all rights that Nobel could've been mine. </p> Tue, 05 Oct 2010 18:24:37 +0000 https://hexnet.org/content/graphene-ftvw https://hexnet.org/content/graphene-ftvw The PAH world as Hexagonal Overmind, etc. <p> <img src='/files/images/hexnet/ah-7.png' title='Coronene' alt='Coronene' class='image-right'/> I have been reading about the <a class="ex" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PAH_world_hypothesis">PAH world hypothesis</a>, and have come to see it as an intriguing indicator of the potentially hexagonal origins of life on earth. </p> <p> Essentially, it is conjectured that, since <a class="ex" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polycyclic_aromatic_hydrocarbon">polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons</a> are among the most common spaceborne molecules in the known universe, they would have likely been a constituent in the primordial seas of Earth, where they could have provided some sort of scaffolding or template on which early biological polymers such as RNA could assemble, thus solving a frequently-raised objection to the <a class="ex" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RNA_world_hypothesis">RNA world hypothesis</a> that RNA is too fragile and transient to survive long outside of an extant cell or similar protective environment. By providing a structural backbone on which reasonably complex RNA strands and such could self-assemble, the PAH world would have given early pre-cellular life a fighting chance of finding its way into protective lipid bubbles, weird mineral formations, or what have you, where given enough replicative iterations it presumably developed into proper cellular life as we know it. </p> Wed, 30 Jun 2010 01:01:59 +0000 https://hexnet.org/content/pah-world-hexagonal-overmind-etc https://hexnet.org/content/pah-world-hexagonal-overmind-etc Graphene "Graphene is a flat monolayer of carbon atoms tightly packed into a two-dimensional (2D) honeycomb lattice, and is a basic building block for graphitic materials of all other dimensionalities. It can be wrapped up into 0D fullerenes, rolled into 1D nanotubes or stacked into 3D graphite." Wed, 14 Apr 2010 03:03:16 +0000 https://hexnet.org/content/graphene https://hexnet.org/content/graphene